From violent volcanic origins to the settlement of Māori and
European people, the Taupo region has deep cultural significance.
Lake Taupo was created by a massive volcanic eruption around 186AD. It
is said that the huge eruption turned the skies of Europe and China
into a fiery red.
Māori arrived in the region about 700 years ago. For the Ngati
Tuwharetoa iwi that became the region’s dominant tribe, it was a harsh
existence where the unfertile ashy soil made it difficult to grow
kumara (sweet potato) and the lake was a poor food source.
Europeans arrived in the 1830s, but harsh conditions drove many away.
Taupo township was officially created in 1868 with the establishment of
an armed constabulary post, however it wasn’t until the 1950s, when
land was cleared and fertilised, that the region began to flourish.