When you see seals and sea lions, keep a distance of at least 20 metres. That’s around the length of two buses. If you get too close, seals and sea lions can panic and start a stampede, which is dangerous for both you and them. They can also become aggressive if you come between them and their babies or the sea.
Respect their resting time and keep a good distance between you.
You should also give plenty of space to nesting birds. Some of our endangered species, such as the dotterel or black gull, can nest directly on the beach so it’s important to steer clear to avoid damaging their nests, eggs and chicks. If you have a dog, make sure you keep it well away as well.
Most nesting sites will be marked with rope. However, in more remote, unmarked areas, you may need to use your common sense and stay away when you notice birds nesting.
New Zealand's native birds aren’t adapted to human food, so resist the temptation to feed them. It can make them sick, and in some cases even kill them. For example, if kākā eat food such as nuts and seeds they may develop metabolic bone disease.
Cheeky kea are good at begging for food, and even stealing it from bags, but it can make them more likely to put themselves in danger. DOC reports that in areas where kea are fed regularly, they are more at risk from cars and pest control.
Kauri dieback disease is a massive threat to our stunning native kauri trees. Help to prevent the spread of this disease by cleaning your footwear with the disinfectant and scrubbing brushes provided at the start of many DOC walking tracks.
You should also stick to the trails – they are there for a reason. Veering off the track can spread the disease faster.
When visiting predator-free islands, or islands that are becoming pest-free, make sure you check your gear before you leave the mainland.
There are many businesses around New Zealand who give you the opportunity to encounter wildlife close up.
As well as getting to have unforgettable wildlife experiences, if you choose sustainable tourism operators you can help to support conservation efforts. The following tour operators support New Zealand’s nature and wildlife by donating some of their visitor fees to environmental protection and conservation projects.
Rugged Kapiti Island, northwest of Wellington, was one of the first designated wildlife sanctuary=ies in New Zealand.
In 2009, Kapiti Island Nature Tours and Kaitiaki o Kapiti Trust supported the Department of Conservation’s stoat eradication program to return Kapiti Island to its former predator-free status.
Visit the island and take a day tour or stay overnight in the lodge and go kiwi spotting. As a visitor, you can enjoy seeing species of endangered birds – some of which are extinct on the mainland – and support ongoing conservation efforts.
Just a few kilometres from the heart of Wellington, Zealandia is a fully-fenced, predator-proof eco-sanctuary.
Zealandia’s founders have a 500-year vision to restore the valley’s forest and freshwater ecosystems as closely as possible to their pre-human state. Already the ecosanctuary has reintroduced 18 species of native wildlife back into the area. This is one of the best places in New Zealand to see rare birds such as hihi, kākā, takahe, and kākāriki.
As well as going on a tour, you can also donate, become a Zealandia member, or join Zealandia’s volunteer workforce.
A deep ocean canyon just off the coast at Kaikoura on the South Island’s east coast attracts especially giant sperm whales in search of their favourite prey, giant squid. This is the best place in New Zealand to see whales. The coast is also home to fur seals and crayfish, after which the area is named.
Whale Watch is a Māori-owned company committed to hospitality and respect for the natural world. It contributes to ongoing scientific research through detailed record-keeping, identification of every whale seen, their location, and any unusual whale behaviour.
Whale Watch is a supporter of the marine conservation movement including the ongoing international fight to stop commercial whaling.
Elm Wildlife Tours on the Otago Peninsula give visitors the chance to see rare yellow-eyed penguins.
The company helps protect the yellow-eyed penguins, considered to be the world’s rarest penguin with only 5000 individuals remaining in the world. Their efforts include tree planting, the construction of nest sites and predator control. Elm Wildlife tours also helped set up New Zealand Sea Lion Trust to fund research into this threatened species.
On a wildlife tour, you can also see Hooker’s sea lions, New Zealand fur seals and little blue penguins as well as albatross at the Royal Albatross Centre at Taiaroa Head.
Stewart Island/Rakiura is teeming with native birdlife.
Ulva Goodwillie is a direct descendant of the first Maori people of Stewart Island, and in 2000 she established Ulva’s Guided Walks. Ulva and her team of local guides offer visitors a range of bird watching and botanical experiences.
Ulva’s Guided Walks supports the Stewart Island/Rakiura Community and Environment Trust (SIRCET) Sponsor-a-Hectare programme and the Halfmoon Bay Habitat Restoration Project.